Pakistan’s TNA focuses on climate monitoring, prediction, and early warning systems to prevent future damage from violent weather conditions. To improve and expand existing technological capacity in this area, the TNA has established a project that will install two hundred automatic weather stations and five wind profilers as well as automate fifty existing observatories.
Pakistan is located in South Asia and is the world’s sixth most populous country. Pakistan borders India to the east, Iran and Afghanistan to the west, and the Arabian Sea lies to the south. Agriculture makes up 21% of GDP and employs 42% of the workforce in Pakistan. It is a challenge for Pakistan to achieve its sustainable development. Reducing emissions is crucial for the country’s development, yet it must maintain considerable demands on human welfare. Multiple droughts, floods, heatwaves, and flood damage from glacial lake eruptions are all attributable to climate change.
Pakistan recently completed its TNA. Its goals are expected to lead to reduced carbon emissions and the Pakistani government will develop a comprehensive National Climate Change Mitigation Technology Development Program as a result of these efforts. This initiative should assist in technology diffusion and help Pakistan achieve its NDC goals.
In view of Pakistan’s barren and semi-arid terrain, high-efficiency irrigation systems are highlighted as technologies that can help overcome the recurring problem of water scarcity. The TNA aims to install drip and sprinkler irrigation systems on five million hectares during the next five years in accordance with present national goals. Pakistan does not have formal agriculture or water policies, which makes implementing long-term policy objectives difficult. To establish a favorable environment for technology diffusion, the TNA has developed policies intended to create long-term, national policy foundations that would encourage technological adoption. To guarantee this, a project to install high-efficiency irrigation on 10,000 small farms in dryland regions has been proposed, as well as providing training to 5,000 farmers and 180 government departmental employees across various aspects and applications of the technology.
Pakistan’s TNA contributes to the following Sustainable Development Goals:
Adapting key technologies is a top priority.
- Drought-tolerant crop varieties
- Climate monitoring and forecasting
- Early warning system (Surface rainwater harvesting)
- Groundwater recharge (Water)
Mitigation methods have been prioritized depending on their importance.
- The renewable energy sector suffered a major loss in federal and state tax incentives, as well as feed-in tariffs. As a result, the only way to continue to generate energy without government support was through industrial wind turbines.
- Solar technology fell by more than $20 billion during the next eight years.
- Renewable energy producers lost out on significant federal.